Generation No. 2
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Generation No. 2

2. JOHN GEORGE2 PASSAUER (JOHN1) was born Abt. 1828 in Alsace-Lorraine, France, and died August 14, 1854 in Cincinnati, OH (Source: Coffin receipt, See a picture of the coffin receipt in the scrapbook. The coffin receipt is for one lined coffin for $2.50 and 3 carriages to be taken to Dayton Road in Cincinnati, OH for $7.50.). He married MARIANN DOLLMYER (Source: Oil City Library, Oil City, PA, St. Lukes Evang. Luthern & Reform Church (Venus, PA), (Not published), 8.) September 05, 1851 in Cincinnati, OH (Source: Reconstructed Cincinnati, OH Court House Marriage Records..), daughter of HEINRICH DOLLMYER and MAGDALENE HAUCK. She was born July 14, 1828 in Germany (Source: Oil City Library, Oil City, PA, St. Lukes Evang. Luthern & Reform Church (Venus, PA), (Not published), 108.), and died April 05, 1915 in Venus, Clarion Co, PA (Source: Oil City Library, Oil City, PA, St. Lukes Evang. Luthern & Reform Church (Venus, PA), (Not published), 108.).

Notes for JOHN GEORGE PASSAUER:

The first recorded Passauer ancestor in the United States was John George Passauer b. Abt. 1828 in ___________ of the Alsace-Lorraine District of France. According to older family members (Robert Lee and James Archie Passauer), John came to the United States with three or four other brothers (Joseph, Louis, Christopher, and a possible unknown). These same family members believe the brothers entered the United States through New Orleans, LA although there is currently no documented evidence of this. However, even in 1997, there are Passauers living in the LA area. Contact with Sylvia, Charles and Louis Passauer in LA is providing possible evidence of this relationship as Louis is sending me a paper on the Passauers that he wrote in 1997.

John George Passauer was married to Mariann (Mary) Dollmyer, b. July 14, 1828 in Germany. Cincinnati, OH Court House marriage records show John Passour married Mary Dullmeier on September 5, 1851. There is no minister name so apparently this was a civil ceremony. Somehow, they settled in Cincinnati, OH where she became pregnant with John George Passauer Jr. b. May 13, 1855 in Cincinnati, OH. Mary was 26 years old when she had John George Jr. John George must have died very soon after Mary's conception as John George Jr. was born almost nine months, to the day, after his father's death.

After John George Jr. was born, Mary moved to Pinegrove Township, Venango Co., PA to live with her parents Heinrich (Henry) Dollmyer and Magdalene Nee Hauck. According to the 1860 census of Venango Co., PA, Mary Dollmyer traveled to PA with only one child (John George Jr.). There, Mary met Fredrick (Fred) Miller. The history of Venango county states that Fredrick Miller and Mary Dollmyer were married in 1856. Mary had seven more children to Fred Miller. The 1860 Venango Co., PA census shows that John George Jr. was not living with his mother and new husband but was living with his grandparents, Henry Dollmyer and Magdalene Nee Hauck. Henry Dollmyer, b. February 07, 1798 in Hulst Rheinbayern, (Germany) and Magdalene Nee Hauck b. Abt. 1802 in Bavaria appear to have arrived in the Pinegrove Township, Venango Co., PA about Oct. 1854 as recorded in the St. Luke's Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church of Venus, PA. Church records. (Oct. 1854 is the first time their names appear in the communion church records).

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John George's birthday is based upon his wife's birthday and the information the family has passed down (James Archie Passauer) that he died in his twenties.

From Crystel and Norma Passauer - A marriage license is on record for a Passauer in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris France. Neither has seen the marriage license.

From Cleo Passauer - Came from Alsace-Lorraine District of France with five brothers. Uncle Earl had the naturalization papers for John Passauer. His son must have them now or maybe Norma does. William Passauer talked to Norma Passauer and Earls son John in the beginning of 1997. Neither one is aware of anyone that might have John George's naturalization papers.

From Cleo Passauer - The Passauers spoke German because the land was in Germany and then France (so much back and forth [from wars]).

From Crystel Passauer via her father Archie Passauer. John George died in his 20's and is buried in Cincinnati, OH.

Death date from a Coffin receipt. See image of receipt in the scrapbook.

Research Information by William Passauer:

Various spellings of the Passauer name:

Bassauer, Bossour, Possour, Posour, Passaur from old church records and census information.

4-7-97 - Called Hamilton County Ohio court house about obtaining birth and death certificates for any Passauer family members living there in the 1850s. The clerk stated that there were no such records kept in the 1850's.

4-7-97 - Called Fairfax County, VA, library Virginia room. They looked up John G. Passauer and then for any Passauer in the 1850 Ohio Census Index. There were no Passauers anywhere in the index. This could mean the Passauers had not moved there yet, their name was misspelled, or they had changed the spelling of their name. Please note the spelling of Passauer on the coffin receipt in the scrapbook.

Other research done:

From Lynne Noel - Ohio Census Index 1830 and 1840 - nothing. Tax list index for Hamilton Co. - records only go to 1838 (film # 599.499). Index to 1810 census of Penna. Passauer - none.

History of Lorraine

Celtic tribes lived in Lorraine before the Romans occupied the region. Divodurum, which will become Mettis, and later Metz, is one of the main towns of the Roman Gaul.

After the invasion of the Huns, Franks and Alamans cohabit in Lorraine with Gallo-Romans. From this time, a language frontier which will survive until nowadays, splits Lorraine between Germanic people, who live mainly in the north of the region, and Gallo-Romanic people in the south.

Lorraine forms part of the Kingdom of Austrasia which includes regions today called Belgium, Holland, Champagne, Rhineland and Alsace. This kingdom, which lies at the center of Charlemagne's Empire, goes to Lothar I, and becomes Lothringen in 855 when it becomes the kingdom of Lothar II.

In 959, the territory is split into two parts: the Dukedom of Lower Lorraine which spreads from the North Sea to Luxembourg, and the Dukedom of Upper Lorraine which is almost what will be later the province of Lorraine, the region of Trier added. The cities of the Three Dioceses - Metz, Toul and Verdun - are excluded from this share. The County of Bar is founded and it goes to the Duke of Upper Lorraine.

From 1047, the dynasty which begins with Gérard of Alsace will provide sovereigns to the Dukedom of Lorraine for more than three centuries.

In 1301, the "moving Barrois" is created on the left bank of the Meuse river under the protection of the King of France.

In 1354, the County of Bar becomes a Dukedom.

René II, Count of Vaudémont opposes Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who dies near Nancy in 1477.

Metz and some lords of the German Lorraine are in favor of the Reformation, but

Lutheranism and Calvinism have only a limited audience in the Dukedom. Antoine, son of René II, encourages the Counter Reformation. In 1525, he defeats the revolted peasants in Saverne. In 1552, France occupies the cities of Metz, Toul and Verdun, putting an end to the independence of the Three Dioceses.

After 1630, the population of Lorraine is decimated by war and plague. In 1648, the Three Dioceses - Metz, Toul and Verdun - are integrated into the Kingdom of France.

In 1670, the Dukedom is invaded by French troops. The Treaty of Ryswick, drawn up in 1697, returns Lorraine to the Duke Léopold I who must give up Longwy and Dillingen.

In 1766, at the death of Stanislas Leszczynski, father-in-law of Louis XV the King of

France, Lorraine becomes part of France. Three territories which belong to German families become foreign enclaves : the abbey of Senones which belongs to the Princes of Salm, the County of Dabo which belongs to the Leiningen family, and Drulingen which belongs to the Counts of Nassau-Sarrebrück.

In 1790, Lorraine is divided in 4 departments: Meurthe, Meuse, Moselle and Vosges.

The annexation of the foreign enclaves takes place in 1793.

In 1815, Lorraine loses Sarrelouis and Sarrebrück to the benefit of Prussia.

In 1871 after the French defeat, almost all the department of Moselle and a part of the department of Meurthe are annexed by Germany. According to the Treaty of Franckfurt, the inhabitants of Lorraine may choose to keep their French nationality and leave the annexed territories before October 31st 1872. In Metz, 20 % of the population left the city.

Between 1914 and 1918, the first World War devastates the agricultural areas around Verdun and Pont-à-Mousson, but the industrial areas are preserved. The annexed territories return to France at the end of the war.

Between 1940 and 1944, Moselle is re-annexed by Germany. More than 100,000 French speaking people are ejected. Eventually Moselle returns to France in 1945.

History of Alsace

Even if the name of Alsace appeared first in the 7th Century, the origin of the name of this province is unsure. It could be of German origin (Alis-lauti-sat : a founding in a foreign country), of Celtic origin (Alis-atia : the area at the bottom of a mountain), or it could derive from the words Ell (Ill river) Sass (inhabitant in old German).

The Romans occupied the plain of Alsace and they were followed by the Alamans after the Great Invasions which happened as soon as the 4th Century.

Alsace was part of the Holy Roman Empire from the 9th Century until 1648 when it became part of France.

From the 12th Century, many peasants leave their fields and they become craftsmen or shopkeepers in towns which are growing. Strasbourg liberates itself of the protection of its bishop, and becomes a free city in 1262. Colmar, Sélestat and Obernai are surrounded by walls.

In 1354, the towns of Munster, Turckheim, Kaysersberg, Sélestat, Obernai, Rosheim,

Wissembourg, Haguenau, Colmar and Mulhouse join together to form a league, the

Decapole, which is put under the imperial protection, but remains however independent. The region suffers many disasters like the invasion of troops during the Hundred Years War, a Black Death outbreak in 1349, and everlasting feudal wars.

From 1519 in Strasbourg, thanks to Gutenberg, printing presses can be used to publish Luther's works. As soon as the end of the 15th Century, the flaws of the society, more particularly those of the clergy, are fought against. The Reformation spreads. In the country, a rebellion roars among the peasants who hope for an improvement in their condition. Armed bands muster and a bloody war occurs, ending in 1525 after the slaughter of 18,000 peasants.

In 1555, the Peace of Augsbourg clarifies the distribution of Catholics and Protestants across the country : you choose the religion of the lord who owns the land you live in.

Between 1618 and 1648, Alsace becomes a battlefield for the armies of the Thirty Years War. The soldiers ransack villages and slaughter their inhabitants. The region loses more than half its population. In 1648, Alsace, broken up into many lordly territories, becomes French by the Treaty of Westphalia. However Alsace keeps many particularities in its institutions and in its traditions. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes was not applied and the use of the French language was not made compulsory, even if German was the usual written language of most Alsatians. However French becomes the official language, and the Catholic religion becomes the only acknowledged religion, but predominant Catholics cohabit with Lutheran or reformed Protestants, all of them having their parishes.

The capitulation of Strasbourg occurs in 1681and sets the city as a part of France, but its privileges in local administration and in religion matters are still preserved. The Treaty of Ryswick, drawn up in 1697, confirms the annexation of Alsace to France.

During the French Revolution, on July 21st 1789 as the people hears of the fall of the

Bastille, the city hall of Strasbourg is ransacked. The departments of Bas-Rhin and of Haut-Rhin are created in1790. The Revolution puts Alsace under the same laws as the rest of France, overturning habits and mentalities.

Between 1870 and 1918, the region, except an area that will become later the Territoire de Belfort, is annexed by the Germans. Alsace becomes an "Imperial Territory" (Reichsland) and gains a particular regime in many domains. The province returns to France at the end of the First World War, and remains French until 1940.

Annexed to the 3rd German Reich during the Second World War, Alsace returns to France when it is liberated on March 20th, 1945.

About Alsace-Lorraine

Alsace and partly Lorraine became German after the French defeat of 1870. It was only from 1871 when the Treaty of Frankfurt which stated the split of Lorraine was signed, that the expression Alsace-Lorraine (Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine - Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen) was used.

From Lorraine, the Prussians annexed a territory which is nowadays the department of Moselle. The whole territory of what is now the French region of Alsace was annexed too.

On May 10th 1871, the Treaty of Frankfurt confirms the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by the Prussians, and states that its inhabitants will be allowed to declare that they want to keep their French nationality and leave the region before October 31st 1872. After this date, they would become German. About 250,000 inhabitants of Alsace-Lorraine chose to keep their French nationality. They left their friends and their houses behind them. But many others remained and protested against their incorporation to the German Empire without their consent.

Under German administration, the province is divided into three regions : Lorraine (Lothringen), Upper Alsace (Oberelsasz) and Lower Alsace (Unterelsasz). These regions become the departments of Moselle, of Haut-Rhin and of Bas-Rhin when they return to France in 1918. The annexation of Alsace-Lorraine to the German Empire give to this province institutions copied from the German system or kept from the French system, and some which are completely new. Local law, to which Alsatians are so devoted and which relates to domains like real estate, social insurance, religion and education, hunting or associations, will remain into effect after the return to France in 1918, and even after 1945.

During the first World War, about 250,000 soldiers of Alsace-Lorraine are mobilized in the German army, but 17,000 volunteers join the French troops and they are then followed by many deserters. After November 1918, the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France takes place with some difficulties: expulsion of about 110,000 inhabitants of full or of partial German origin, blunders of the French administration which aggravate autonomist feelings.

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We think of the Alsace and Lorraine as a hyphenated entity, but, like Tennessee-Kentucky, 'tain't really so. These "Grenzgebiete" (borderlands, to which we can add the Saar/Sarre) have shifted allegiances throughout history with the most recent war (there was a Volksabstimmung/plebiscite after WW II under which the Saar, while in the French Zone of Occupation, became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Alsace/Elsass has a German-speaking majority but went to France; the

Lorraine/Lothringen also). Both France and Germany have histories of being nasty neighbors on occasion, and these border areas routinely get trampled, then swapped around. Hardy folks, these Grenzgaenger! ("border folks").

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NOTE: From a letter received from the Alsace news group 7-29-97.

I got a letter today from my newly found 2nd cousin, Dr. Robert Dorgler who lives in Alsace. He is 67 yrs. old..........I am 62. I will not correct it in any way.......as I feel his English very good........just writes somewhat differently than we do. He had just received a huge package I had sent to him........and wanted to let me know. I think some of you will enjoy this.

Louise SCHURRA King

La Jolla, CA

 

Dear Louise,

Just a few words to let you know that I received your last letter of May 20 when coming home from a fortnight holiday the first half of July, a monument of information and documents. I'll need some time to explore and send you my comment later, thanks so much for it.

As soon as possible I'll fix it together as there are some erroneous combinations, as I will explain below.

Concerning Alsace, Elsass in German, that is a German speaking country,

occupied only in 1648 by the French king Louis XIV, Strassburg much later in 1696, being a free town before, still speaking, teaching and writing documents in German. (Gothic writing) Napoleon. I introduced French writing for documents, and we, ourselves, spoke Esdaesserditsch as a mother's language, that's a local German called Allemanisch, the same kind as the German spoken on the other side of the Rhine river, Baden.

During the years 1930 till second world 1939, we had to learn French at school, still speaking our dialect at home and in town; older people like me still speak in our dialect at home and with friends, our dialect as a base of our traditional culture and relationship.

So Alsace was part of France from LOUIS XIV on, still speaking and writing German, but after the French-German war of 1870, Elsass (Alsace) came back to Germany, so my father was born as German in 1898, my mother Victorine Schurra in 1901, like Uncle Carl before, and Carl never spoke a word of French, later married to his wife from Bavaria, Germany, my own father never spoke a word of French, my mother learned it after the war of 1914-1918 by lessons in night-school, she learned to speak, read and write almost correctly, what my father never could, my parents like all the Alsacians born before 1918 never go the whole and normal French nationality, they called them French by "assimilation".

And as Alsace came back to Germany in 1871 as a German country until 1918, my father had to be a German soldier during the first world 1915-18, he went to the German army at age 17 in 1915, campaigned in Russia and the north of France, and was wounded twice, and lost there his best comrades.

And we as children (3 born form 1923 to 1933-myself the 29th of January 1928, I learned French at school until 1940, then under German rule we had to learn exclusively German at school and a little bit of English, but French was strictly forbidden.

After the war, from 1945 on, we had to learn French again to finish high-school and go to university, and get back to French culture.

To resume, Elsass-Alsace, between the Rhine river and the Vogesen mountains (Vosges) was a German county till 1648 when incorporated to France by Louis XIV, German again from 1871 till 1940, back to Germany from 1940 until 1945 under Hitler, and French again after 1945.

Our city was liberated by US troops on Dec. 7, 1944, other parts of Alsace like Colmar only in February 1945, and the second world-war ended the 8th of May 1945.

Sincerely,

Robert

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History

Germans arrived in America during 3 broadly-drawn periods:

* 1683-1820

This emigration was largely caused by religious persecutions following from the changes wrought by the Thirty Years War, and by economic hardship. Many were Protestants from the Palatinate area of Germany.

* 1820-1871

Economic hardships, including those caused by unemployment, crop failure and starvation, was the primary cause of emigration during this period, in combination with wars and military service. Most of the emigrants came from Alsace-Lorraine, Baden, Hessen, Rheinland, and Württemberg.

* 1871-1914

Emigration became more affordable during this period, as well as much more common. All areas of Germany contributed, including Prussia.

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Cincinnati, Ohio

Established in 1788 by a party of pioneers who came down the Ohio river. Cincinnati received its name when General Arthur St. Clair gave the village its name when he took command of nearby Fort Washington in 1790. The city was named for the Society of the Cincinnati, an organization of officers who served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. In the 1830's Cincinnati acquired its reputation as a German city. Thousands of Germans fled political persecution in Europe and settled in the city. By 1850, it had become the greatest pork-packing center in the country. Many river steamboat and railroad lines lead from Cincinnati to southern markets. Spring Grove Cemetery, regarded as one of the most historic and beautiful burial grounds in the nation consisting of 782 acres of graves is a possible place to find the grave of John George Passauer.

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From: Jim Passauer [mailto:jpass@erols.com]

Friday, June 04, 1999 12:33 PM

To: Bill and Suzanne

Subject: National Archives

I'm planning to spend a day at the archives next week to re-do some of the info I had previously completed at the St. Louis Library when I was TDY there from Omaha. Ship arrivals, etc. If you have anything specific that you want me to verify, I will try to include it in the day's, efforts.

The funeral was well attended. Over a thousand came for the memorial service, and maybe 500 for the actual funeral service. I read Eulogies for Beverly and Cleo and Myself. I will always miss her. For some reason she and Al never did receive the IOM disc that you promised.

Love, Jim and Laquita

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From Jim Passauer

Re: National Archives

Date: Thu, 10 Jun 1999

Bill, I just finished the first effort at the Archives. I was able to confirm the arrival of both Christian and Louis Passauer on the SS WURTHBERG at New Orleans, Jan 25, 1854. The left from HARVE, France.

Christian was 21 and Louis was 19. Christian was born in 1833 in Bavaria, and Louis in 1835. It must have been quite an adventure for those two young guys. Since some of your research showed that Christian was Naturalized when he was 25, from the Hamilton County records, He must have gone on to Cincinnati, and it appears that Louis may have stayed in New Orleans, but not yet confirmed. I noted that Christian died on Dec 19, 1909, which would have made him 76 years old. The original immigration records are in New Orleans, at the Custom House, Room 219, 2nd Floor. They were extracted and documented during the WPA projects in the 30s.

In addition, I looked at the compiled book of names for the 1860 census records for Ohio. There is a John PassaVer, most likely copied wrongly by WPA workers. He lived in Hamilton County, Ward 7. I pulled the microfilm, but could not find the actual listing today. I'm sure it must be there since it is in the compilation of names. If I find it I will copy it and send it to you.

In addition, I looked for Joseph Passauer, the Civil War Vet. I copied his listing and will send you one. His wife was Margaret, and both he and she received Civil War Vet Pensions. Joseph was in the E 9th Inf, and filed for the pension from Ohio. The first filing was on Feb 22, 1885, and the second on Dec 19, 1891. I requested both the pension records and the War records be made available to me, but it was too late in the day for them to be pulled today. I will go back tomorrow to look at and copy those records. One of the assistants said that they may contain lots of information about the family.

When I go back tomorrow, I will also check the 1870 census for the same names plus Christophe Passaur. I will again try to see the actual record for the John PassaVer, to see if it was misspelled.

By 1850, Cincinnati was already a City of 115,338, so it was quite a booming town. Germans made up nearly 1/3 of the population, so they would have been right at home there.

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Notes for MARIANN DOLLMYER:

Mary's first name is spelled Mariah in the History of Venango Co., PA.

Mary had 9 children to two husbands.

Mary's birth and dead dates come from two records, the Lutheran church records and grave marker. Mary's age was 86y 8m 21d at death.

From Cleo Passauer - When John George died, his wife Mary came to Venus, PA to her parents home, the Ad Miller farm. It belonged to Christian Dollmeyer and his wife. Mary later married Fred Miller. John Passauer has a trunk from the Ad Miller farm.

From William L. Passauer 1997 - Concerning the Ed Miller Trunk. I spoke with John F. and Velma Passauer in Florida. While they have the trunk, they found only a few letters in it written by several of the Millers, plus a possible receipt for John George's coffin. Please see a picture of the receipt in the John George scrap book.

Marriage Notes for JOHN PASSAUER and MARIANN DOLLMYER:

This is from a reconstructed Cincinnati, OH Court House marriage record. Many originals were destroyed in the 1884 fire. John Passour married Mary Dullmeier on September 5, 1851. There is no minister name so apparently this was a civil ceremony.

Child of JOHN PASSAUER and MARIANN DOLLMYER is:

4. i. JOHN GEORGE3 PASSAUER, JR., b. May 13, 1855, Cincinnati, OH; d. January 20, 1924, At home, Tionesta, Forrest Co, PA.

 

3. JOSEPH2 PASSAUER (JOHN1) was born 1837 in Bavaria, and died December 04, 1891 in Ohio. He married MARGARET PFAFF July 11, 1865. She was born 1842 in Ohio.

Notes for JOSEPH PASSAUER:

Not proven to be the Joseph Passauer, brother of John George Passauer. This information is from the 1870 Ohio Census. See the Joseph Passauer 1870 Part 1 & 2 census images.

According to the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census, Joseph Passauer is a carpenter and may have his own carpenter shop.

In the Cincinnati, OH 1900 census under his son Joseph's name, Joseph senior is noted to have been born in France.

According to the Vine St. Hill Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH, records this Joseph was a Civil War Vet. and is buried in Section 12, Lot Gr. 931 near John Passauer, possible father of John George Passauer.

 

From the Hamilton, Co. Court House records.

Death, Joseph Passauer, male, white, married, 54 yrs, DOD 12/4/1891, born in Germany, occupation: carpenter, #1891/104 pg 136.

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From: Jim Passauer [mailto:jpass@erols.com]

Sent: Friday, June 04, 1999 12:33 PM

Subject: National Archives

In addition, I looked for Joseph Passauer, the Civil War Vet. I copied his listing and will send you one. His wife was Margaret, and both he and she received Civil War Vet Pensions. Joseph was in the E 9th Inf, and filed for the pension from Ohio. The first filing was on Feb 22, 1885, and the second on Dec 19, 1891. I requested both the pension records and the War records be made available to me, but it was too late in the day for them to be pulled today. I will go back tomorrow to look at and copy those records. One of the assistants said that they may contain lots of information about the family.

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More About JOSEPH PASSAUER:

Cause of Death: Black Diphtheria possibly as an infant.

Marriage Notes for JOSEPH PASSAUER and MARGARET PFAFF:

Date of marriage from the Cincinnati, OH reconstructed court house records.

Children of JOSEPH PASSAUER and MARGARET PFAFF are:

i. JOSEPHINE3 PASSAUER, b. 1869.

Notes for JOSEPHINE PASSAUER:

Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1870 census of father Joseph Passauer.

ii. GEORGE PASSAUER, b. 1871, Cincinnati, OH.

Notes for GEORGE PASSAUER:

Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census of father Joseph Passauer.

5. iii. JOSEPH LOUIS PASSAUER, b. May 24, 1876, Cincinnati, OH; d. April 28, 1941, At his residence, Cincinnati, OH.

iv. CHRISTIAN PASSAUER, b. April 1880, Cincinnati, OH; d. September 01, 1881, Cincinnati, OH.

Notes for CHRISTIAN PASSAUER:

From the Hamilton, Co. Court House records.

Death, Christian Passauer, male, white, single, 1 year, DOD 9/1/1881, #1881/30 pg 1.

Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census of father Joseph Passauer.